Social Science Class-10 Political Science: Power Sharing Question Bank Part – 6

76. What is the advantage of Horizontal distribution of power?

(a) Each government work separately and these never keep check on functioning of other.
(b) None of the governmental body exercise unlimited powers and each organ checks the other.
(c) Each community in the society grows.
(d) None of these

77. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

(a) In a democracy, all important decisions are taken by the majority community.
(b) In a democracy, people rule themselves through the institution of self-government.
(c) Political power is distributed in a democracy.
(d) In a democratic country, respect is given to various diverse groups.

78. Belgium solved its problem successfully by

(a) developing the power-sharing mechanism
(b) rejecting the policy of majoritarianism
(c) respecting the interests of different communities
(d) all the above

79. Which among the following is not an interest group?

(a) Trade unions
(b) Business groups
(c) Farmers union
(d) Political parties

80. Consider the following statements about the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka, which among the following is correct?

A. Major social groups are the Sinhala-speaking (74%) and Tamil-speaking (18%).
B. Among the Tamils, there are two sub-groups, Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils.
C. There are about 7% Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.
D. Most of the Sinhala speaking are Hindu or Muslims and most of the Tamil speaking are Buddhists.

(a) A, B, C
(b) A, B, D
(c) B, C, D
(d) A, B, C, D

81. A government for the entire country is usually called

(a) Central government
(b) State government
(c) Federal government
(d) None of the above

82. _________ was amended four times between 1970 and 1993.

(a) Indian constitution
(b) American constitution
(c) Sri Lankan constitution
(d) Belgium constitution

83. When the power is divided between higher and lower levels of government, then it is called as

(a) Horizontal division
(b) Parallel division
(c) Vertical division
(d) None of the above

84. System of Checks and Balances means

(a) horizontal distribution of powers.
(b) separation of powers.
(c) put a check on the exercise of unlimited powers of the organs of the government by maintaining a balance of power among various institutions.
(d) federal division of power.

85. Which of the following is not one of the three organs of government sharing power?

(a) Legislature
(b) Bureaucracy
(c) Executive
(d) Judiciary

86. Which of the following is not one of the aspects of federal division of powers?

(a) Sharing of powers among central provincial and local governments.
(b) Division of powers involving higher and lower levels of government.
(c) The constitution clearly lays down powers of different levels of government.
(d) There is no vertical division of powers.

87. What led to the non-sharing of power?

(a) Peace among all communities.
(b) Tyranny of the majority and oppression of minority.
(c) Negotiation of the very spirit of democracy.
(d) Both (b) and (c)

88. __________ is referred to as social division based on culture and language.

(a) Pressure group
(b) Ethnic group
(c) Interest group
(d) None of the above

89. In the long run, power is shared among different political parties that represent

(a) different ideologies and social groups.
(b) different communities.
(c) different divisions.
(d) different government.



76. (b)
77. (a)
78. (d)
79. (d)
80. (a)
81. (c)
82. (d)
83. (c)
84. (c)
85. (b)
86. (d)
87. (d)
88. (b)
89. (a)


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