Social Science Class-10 Political Science: Power Sharing Question Bank Part – 5

61. Division of powers between higher and lower levels of government is called

(a) Horizontal division
(b) Parallel division
(c) Vertical division
(d) None of the above

62. Which of the following is not a major social group in Sri Lanka?

(a) Sinhala speakers
(b) Sri Lankan Tamils
(c) Anglo Indians
(d) Indian Tamils

63. Which of the statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka is correct?

(i) In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking people.
(ii) In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
(iii) The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power-sharing to protect their culture, language, and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
(iv) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of the country on linguistic lines.

(a) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(b) (i), (ii) and (iv)
(c) (iii) and (iv)
(d) (ii), (iii) and (iv)

64. What led to tensions between the Dutch-speaking communities and French-speaking communities in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s?

(a) Both the communities demanded special powers.
(b) The minority French-speaking community was richer and more powerful than the majority Dutch-speaking community.
(c) The majority Dutch-speaking community was richer and more powerful than the minority French-speaking community.
(d) Both the communities were equal in socio-economic ladder and this was resented by the French-speaking community.

65. Which of the following countries have a federal division of powers?

(a) India
(b) Belgium
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Both (a) and (b)

66. Non-sharing of power leads to

(a) peace among all communities.
(b) tyranny of the majority and oppression of the minority.
(c) negotiation of the very spirit of democracy.
(d) both (b) and (c)

67. Choose the incorrect statement among the following.

(a) Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies.
(b) Both of them dealt with the question of power sharing similarly.
(c) In Belgium, leaders realized that unity of the country was possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of all communities.
(d) In Sri Lanka, majority community forced its domination over others and refused to share power.

68. Which among the following is a prudent reason for power sharing?

(a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order.
(b) Power-sharing is the very spirit of democracy.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above

69. Which of the following was not one of the initial demands of the Sri Lankan Tamils?

(a) Recognition of Tamil as an official language
(b) Regional autonomy
(c) Equality of opportunity in securing jobs and education
(d) Creation of an independent Tamil Eelam

70. Power can be shared in modern democracies in which of the following ways?

(a) Among various levels
(b) Among different social groups
(c) Among different organs of the government
(d) All the above

71. Among which of the following countries principle of Majoritarianism led to civil war?

(a) Pakistan
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Vietnam
(d) Belgium

72. Which one of the following is not a valid reason for power sharing?

(a) For majoritarianism
(b) Being part and parcel of democracy
(c) For political stability
(d) To reduce tensions

73. Which one of the following communities is not related to Sri Lanka?

(a) Sinhala
(b) Indian Tamils
(c) Parsis
(d) Sri Lankan Tamils

74. Tamil natives of Sri Lanka are called

(a) Sri Lankan Tamils
(b) Indian Tamils
(c) Muslim Tamils
(d) None of the above

75. What is the percentage of German-speaking people in Belgium?

(a) 59%
(b) 40%
(c) 60%
(d) 01%



61. (c)
62. (d)
63. (d)
64. (b)
65. (d)
66. (d)
67. (b)
68. (c)
69. (a)
70. (d)
71. (b)
72. (a)
73. (c)
74. (a)
75. (d)


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