61. Which among the following is a multi-purpose dam which is used for conservation of water
with flood control?
(a) Satluj-Beas river basin
(b) Bhakra-Nangal Project
(c) Hirakud Project
(d) Tehri Dam
62. Jawaharlal Nehru proudly proclaimed the dams as the _______________.
(a) saviors of India
(b) temples of modern India
(c) future of India
(d) complexes of India
63. Why did Jawaharlal Nehru call dams as Temples of Modern India?
(a) They were multi-purpose in nature.
(b) Irrigation became better.
(c) Development of agriculture and the village economy with rapid industrialization and growth of the urban economy.
(d) Hydel power became ample.
64. Why have multi-purpose projects and large dams have come under great scrutiny and
(a) The positioning of the dams is not technically correct.
(b) Regulating and damming of rivers affect their natural flow, causing poor sedimentation at the bottom of the reservoir.
(c) Chances of floods.
(d) Dams built recently are not strong enough.
65. Multi-purpose projects and large dams have also been the cause of many new environmental
movements like __________________.
(a) Narmada Bachao Andolan
(b) Save Satluj
(c) Save environment
(d) Green up to cool down
66. Who are benefitted from the multi-purpose projects?
(a) Landowners, large farmers and industrialists
(b) Local people
(d) The builders
67. Narmada Bachao Andolan or Save Narmada Movement originally focused on-
(a) irrigation strategies
(b) environmental issues related to trees
(c) aim to enable poor citizens, especially the outsees
(d) reservoir planning
68. Which is the largest water resource project of India covering four states?
(a) Satluj Beas Dam
(b) Bhakra Nangal Dam
(c) Tehri Dam
(d) Sardar Sarovar Dam
69. Which states the largest water resource project of India covers?
(a) Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat
(b) Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jharkhand and UP
(c) Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan
(d) Assam, West Bengal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
70. Irrigation has also changed the cropping pattern of many regions with farmers shifting to
water intensive and commercial crops. This has great ecological consequences for the soil,
what is it?
(a) Salinization of soil
(b) Contamination of soil
(c) Pollution of soil
(d) Excess of chemicals
71. What reaction did the farmers at Sabarmati-basin farmers have?
(a) Development of agriculture and village economy.
(b) Farmers were agitated and almost caused a riot over the higher priority given to water supply in urban areas, particularly during droughts.
(c) They were displaced.
(d) They were not rehabilitated.
72. In hill and mountainous regions, people-built diversion channels like-
(d) Guls or kuls
73. What was the traditional practice in the flood plains of Bengal, for irrigation?
(b) Man-made lakes
(c) Inundation channels
(d) Rooftop rainwater
74. In the semi-arid and arid regions of Rajasthan, particularly in Bikaner, Phalodi and Barmer,
where was drinking water stored?
(b) Underground tanks or Tankas
(c) Small village ponds
(d) Rooftop tanks
75. In which other places is rooftop rainwater harvesting common other than Rajasthan?
(c) West Bengal