61. What happened when the news of the events in France reached the different cities of Europe?
(a) There was tumult
(b) The people did not know how to react
(c) Students and other members of educated middle classes began setting up Jacobin clubs
(d) There was confusion and dissatisfaction in the air
62. What idea did the French armies carry abroad through the revolutionary wars?
(c) War Strategies
(d) Violence and bloodshed
63. What did Napoleon do in the territory that was under his control?
(a) set about introducing many reforms
(b) set about war strategies
(c) worked for peace
(d) worked towards democratic ideas
64. Napoleon had, no doubt, destroyed ___________ in France.
(c) Federal rule
65. What did Napoleon do to make the system efficient and rational in France?
(a) in the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles
(b) brought about different reforms
(c) worked on military
(d) worked on the financial conditions
66. What did the Civil Code of 1804 bring about?
(a) Right by birth to all facilities of state
(b) did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
(c) no right to property
(d) No right to equality
67. What did Napoleon do in the rural areas of these regions?
(a) simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial due
(b) made administration strict
(c) encouraged the feudal system
(d) put taxes on the peasants
68. What changes did Napoleon bring about in the towns?
(a) guild restrictions were removed. Transport and communication systems were improved. Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enjoyed a new-found freedom.
(b) Transport and communication systems were improved.
(c) Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen had to pay tax
(d) guild restrictions remained as they were
69. In mid-eighteenth-century Europe what was the status of Germany, Italy and Switzerland?
(a) they were divided into kingdoms, duchies and cantons whose rulers had their autonomous territories
(b) they were sovereign states
(c) they were democracies
(d) they were republics
70. When did Industrialisation take place in France and parts of the German states?
(a) 18th century
(b) later 18th century
(c) nineteenth century
(d) mid 18th century
71. What is Liberalism?
(a) ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root liber, meaning free-freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law.
(b) end of autocracy
(c) equal rules for all
(d) liberty to the upper classes
72. What is Suffrage?
(a) Right to property
(b) Right to Justice
(c) Right to vote
(d) Right to complain
73. In revolutionary France, the right to vote and to get elected was granted exclusively to ______.
(a) property-owning men
(c) Men and women
(d) upper class
74. What did the customs union or zollverein do?
(a) abolished tax
(b) abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two
(c) abolished tariff charges and reduced the currencies to 5
(d) only abolished tariff barriers
75. What was conservatism?
(a) strict rules on the society
(b) social norms became conservative
(c) monarchy, the Church, social hierarchies, property and the family – should be preserved
(d) different norms for different classes