Social Science Class-X Geography: Resources and Development MCQ Part – 1

1. Which one of the following is an example of Cultivable Wasteland?

(a) Gross cropped Area
(b) Uncultivable Land
(c) Barren Wasteland
(d) Current fallow Land

2. Khadar is a type of:

(a) Black soil
(b) Alluvial soil
(c) Laterite soil
(d) Desert soil

3. The resources of ownership are

(a) plantation
(b) pasture land
(c) ponds
(d) all of the above

4. Resource planning is essential for ___________ existence of all forms of life.

(a) ecological balance
(b) sustainable
(c) exploitation
(d) none of these

5. Which one of the following method is used to break up the force of wind?

(a) Shelter belt
(b) Strip cropping
(c) Contour ploughing
(d) Terrace farming

6. Where was the first international Earth Summit held?

(a) Rio de Janeiro
(b) Geneva
(c) Switzerland
(d) Philippines

7. Geothermal energy in Puga valley and Parvati Valley are

(a) stock resources
(b) developed resources
(c) reserve resources
(d) potential resources

8. Which soil is known as Black cotton soil?

(a) Red soil
(b) Arid soil
(c) Mountain soil
(d) Black soil

9. Land left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year is called ___________.

(a) culturable wasteland
(b) current fallow land
(c) wasteland
(d) none of the above

10. Resources which are surveyed and their quality and quantity have been determined for

utilisation are known

(a) potential resources
(b) stock
(c) developed Resources
(d) reserves

11. Which of the following is not a measure for soil conservation?

(a) strip cropping
(b) terrace cultivation
(c) shelter belts
(d) overdrawing of groundwater

12. Which one of the following types of resource is iron ore?

(a) Renewable
(b) Biotic
(c) Flow
(d) Non-renewable

13. Under which of the following types of resources can tidal energy be put?

(a) Replenishable
(b) Human-made
(c) Abiotic
(d) Non-renewable

14. Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?

(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Over-grazing
(d) Over irrigation

15. In which of the following states is terrace cultivation practiced?

(a) Punjab
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttaranchal



1. (b)

2. (b)

3. (d)

4. (b)

5. (b)

6. (a)

7. (b)

8. (d)

9. (a)

10. (c)

11. (d)

12. (d)

13. (a)

14. (d)

15. (d)


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