Social Science Class-X Geography: Resources and Development MCQ Part – 7

91. Which human activities have led to land degradation?

(a) Deforestation and overgrazing
(b) Agriculture
(c) Buildings and making roads
(d) Factories and industries

92. How can we solve the problem of land degradation?

(a) Afforestation
(b) More agricultural crops
(c) Try to grow plants in desert areas
(d) Keep agricultural land free

93. Which important river system has formed alluvial soil?

(a) Ganga basin
(b) Kaveri basin
(c) Beas basin
(d) Godavari basin

94. Alluvial soils are favorable for the growth of –

(a) Sugarcane, paddy and wheat
(b) Nuts
(c) Palm
(d) Cotton

95. Where among the following is black soil mostly found?

(a) Karnataka and Kerala
(b) Plateaus of Maharashtra, Saurashtra and Malwa
(c) Rajasthan and Gujarat
(d) Assam

96. Where are red soils mostly found?

(a) Deccan plateau and parts of Odisha
(b) Kerala and Karnataka
(c) Rajasthan and Gujarat
(d) Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

97. Where is arid soil found in India?

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Odisha
(c) Assam
(d) Madhya Pradesh

98. When the land becomes unfit for cultivation is known as-

(a) Fallow land
(b) Bad land
(c) Waste land
(d) Deserted land

99. The processes of _______ and________, go on simultaneously and generally there is a balance between two.

(a) denudation and erosion
(b) soil formation and erosion
(c) soil formation and denudation
(d) climatic conditions and soil erosion

100. The running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels known

(a) tributaries
(b) ravines
(c) gullies
(d) drains

101. Which one of the following is a human made resource?

(a) Petroleum
(b) Forests
(c) Machines
(d) Land

102. The oceanic resources beyond 200 km of exclusive economic zone can be termed as which of the following types of resources?

(a) Individual resources
(b) Community owned resources
(c) National resources
(d) International resources

103. What was the main contribution of the Brundtland Commission Report, 1987?

(a) Sustainable development as means for resource conservation
(b) Advocated resource conservation for the first time
(c) Presented Gandhian philosophy
(d) All the above

104. What is the land used for grazing cattle and livestock known as?

(a) Forest
(b) Barren land
(c) Pasture
(d) Fallow land

105. Which of the following is the root cause for resource depletion at global level according to Gandhiji?

(a) Conservation of resources
(b) Use of resources
(c) Greedy and selfish individuals and exploitative nature of modern technology
(d) Backward technology



91. (a)
92. (a)
93. (a)
94. (a)
95. (b)
96. (b)
97. (a)
98. (b)
99. (b)
100. (c)
101. (c)
102. (d)
103. (a)
104. (c)
105. (c)

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